NIAC Action

NIAC Action

NIAC Action Calls for Norooz Resolution in California

Today, we sent a letter to California Assembly Member Nazarian to support ACR 2 and recognize Norooz on March 21, 2019 as “the beginning of the Persian New Year and would extend best wishes for a peaceful and prosperous Norooz to all Californians.”

Recognizing Norooz reflects the rich diversity of California. It would give recognition to the growing Iranian-American community and honor its many contributions to the fields of business, arts, education, civic life, and beyond. It would further reaffirm that Iranian Americans are an integral part of California and promote American values of cultural pluralism and inclusion.

Read the full letter that we sent below. 

Norooz Resolution – Final

NIAC Action Statement on New Legislation to Defund and Repeal Trump’s Muslim Travel Ban

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: Monday, January 28, 2019
CONTACT: Brett Abrams | brett@unbendablemedia.com

WASHINGTON, DC — Today, Sen. Chris Murphy (D-CT) and Rep. Judy Chu (D-CA) introduced legislation to defund and repeal President Trump’s Muslim travel ban. In reaction to the legislation, Jamal Abdi, President of NIAC Action, the civic action arm of the National Iranian American Council, issued the following statement:

“With a Democratic majority in the House, the vote on repealing the Muslim Ban that was blocked by Paul Ryan for two years can finally move forward. It is crucial that the House majority make its voice heard that all walls are unacceptable — including a ban now taking place in the shadows — and to act instead of allowing the ban to become the status quo.

“The Muslim ban was Trump’s top priority upon entering office. Now, ending it must be a top priority for the 116th Congress. Sen. Murphy and Rep. Chu deserve tremendous credit for continuing to champion the effort to overturn the Muslim ban, and have the profound thanks of the Iranian-American community and all impacted groups.

“Meanwhile, the House’s power to investigate and subpoena the administration can yield immediate practical impacts. At last count, less than 3% of eligible waivers are being issued. Consular officials have revealed that the waiver process is a sham intended to shield a blanket ban from scrutiny. Only the most extraordinary cases seem to get through, and often only through public pressure.

“The new Congress can force the Administration to reveal what is going on with these waivers and force them to fix it until we can repeal the ban for good. They can investigate the ‘extreme vetting’ and other measures that have managed to reduce visas from Muslim majority countries writ large, not just the ones Trump was able to ban.

“With the new Congress, we can finally turn the tide against this abomination. But only if Speaker Pelosi and Congressional Democrats make tearing down Trump’s first wall a priority. And only if, instead of suffering in silence, those of us impacted and our allies who turned out to airports to stand with us two years ago make their voices heard once again.”

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Members of Congress Join Iranian-American and Muslim Groups, Civil Liberties Advocates To Announce Legislation to Repeal Trump’s Muslim Travel Ban

MEDIA ADVISORY FOR: Monday, January 28, 2019 — 6:00pm ET
CONTACT: Brett Abrams | brett@unbendablemedia.com

WASHINGTON, DC — Today, Monday, January 28th, on the heels of the two-year anniversary of Trump’s January 27th, 2017 executive order banning entry into the United States for citizens from several Muslim-majority nations, Senator Chris Murphy (D-CT) and Rep. Judy Chu (D-CA) will hold a press conference to announce legislation to defund the latest version of the ‘Muslim Ban’ immediately. The members of Congress will be joined by Rep. Ilhan Omar (D-MN) and Rep. Rashida Tlaib (D-MI) as well as advocates from the National Iranian American Council Action (NIAC Action), MPAC, the ACLU, NILC, OXAM and members of communities impacted by the ban.

WHAT: Press conference announcing new legislation to defund the ‘Muslim Ban’
WHEN: Monday, January 28th. 6:00pm ET
WHERE: Capitol Hill. First St SE. CVC 217 South. Washington, DC 20004
SPEAKERS INCLUDE: Sen. Chris Murphy, Rep. Judy Chu, Rep. Ilhan Omar, Rep. Rashida Tlaib, and advocates from the MPAC, ACLU, NILC, OXFAM and the National Iranian American Council (NIAC Action)
FOR MORE INFORMATION: https://www.eventbrite.com/e/commemorating-two-years-of-resistance-no-muslim-ban-ever-tickets-55302585522
ON-THE-GROUND CONTACT: Adam Weinstein | 1-216-544-0898 | adam@niacaction.org

“As we commemorate the two-year anniversary of the Muslim Ban, we must remember that this unjust law has torn apart families, separated spouses, and extinguished dreams as President Trump’s allies in Congress stayed silent. Now, with a new Congress entering office, we can finally place a check on this presidency, beginning with repealing this un-American ban on our families,” explained Jamal Abdi, President of the NIAC Action. “The Muslim Ban’s origins, numerous statements by President Trump, and the implementation of these and other policies impacting targeted communities make clear this administration’s desire to implement a discriminatory policy as a part of a nationalist agenda – and its long past time that Congress stood up and told the President that they will not stand for this racist, un-American policy.”

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Take Action to End the Muslim Ban

Tell your legislator to repeal the Muslim Ban!

 

We’re Proud to Endorse Parshan Khosravi for CADEM Assembly District 73 Delegate

NIAC Action is proud to endorse Parshan Khosravi’s campaign to represent the 73rd Assembly District as a District Delegate for the California Democratic Party. If elected, Khosravi will strive to advocate for the Iranian-American community within the California Democratic Party.

A Zoroastrian, Khosravi came to the United States as a religious refugee in 2009. This experience has pushed him to empower his community. Since then, he has been a political advocate on a number of issues, from refugee advocacy, food insecurity, affordable education, and mental health advocacy, to fighting against Trump’s Muslim ban. He channeled his advocacy work through organizations like HIAS and NIAC and by taking on leadership roles in student government. As an undergrad at the University of California, Irvine, Khosravi was actively involved in the Associated Students of UCI, becoming the student body president from 2015-16. After moving along to his Master’s program at UCLA, Khosravi spent two years in the Executive committee of the UC Student Association and worked as the External Vice President for the UCLA Graduate Student Association. He not only used that role to raise student voices, but also the Westwood Iranian community, successfully advocating for what is now the North Westwood Neighborhood Council.

When recalling why Khosravi decided to get involved with the Democratic Party, he cited his desire to fight for the Iranian-American community: “While pursuing my graduate degree at UCLA, I shifted a lot of my advocacy towards protecting our Iranian refugees, many of whom were affected by the Trump ban. I remember looking at the footage of all of my fellow Iranians stuck at the airports across the country and realizing that there is no place for such hate and bigotry in our country, and decided I need to do something about it. That was the moment I started getting involved with the Democratic Party.” Since then, Khosravi was elected as the Chair of the Labor Caucus for the California Young Democrats and is now running with the Unity in the Community Slate to continue fighting for “equity-driven policies that serve to empower our communities”.

If elected, Khosravi will not only focus on policies affecting the Iranian-American community, like fighting the Muslim ban and promoting peace, but also fight for issues like infrastructure, climate change, after-school programs, senior services, and more.

If you are in CA Assembly District 73, please vote for Parshan Khosravi for CADEM Delegate on January 26. Details on where and when to vote can be found here.

You must be a registered Democrat to vote. If you are not a registered Democrat or registered to vote, but live in the district and wish to vote for Parshan, you can register or change your party affiliation on site.

We’re Proud to Endorse Reza Seena Soltanzad as CADEM Assembly District 24 Delegate

NIAC Action is proud to endorse Reza Seena Soltanzad as CADEM District Delegate for California Assembly District 24. Soltanzad is a young but thoughtful progressive candidate committed to Medicare-For-All, vigorous action on climate change, public housing, and grassroots politics instead of corporate interests.

Soltanzad majored in Political Science and communications at Santa Clara University and is a recent graduate. During college he gained experience as a refugee resettlement intern with the International Rescue Committee in San Jose and as an intern for the National Iranian American Council in Washington D.C. Progressive candidates such as Bernie Sanders inspired Soltanzad to enter grassroots politics. He believes the Democratic party must adopt a progressive platform to truly represent the working and middle classes. “I would like to see the Democratic Party adopt and endorse Medicare-For-All as a part of the domestic healthcare reform platform, endorse the Green New Deal as the strategy to combat climate change, and call for tuition-free public colleges and universities,” said Soltanzad. That’s why he decided to run with the ‘Grassroots Progressive’ slate.

Soltanzad is also deeply committed to issues that directly impact the Iranian-American community. He supports the JCPOA and opposes military conflict with Iran. He also stands firmly against the Muslim Ban which he views as unconstitutional and unethical.

If you are in CA Assembly District 24, please vote for Reza Seena Soltanzad for CADEM Delegate on January 26. Details on where and when to vote can be found here.

You must be a registered Democrat to vote. If you are not a registered Democrat or registered to vote, but live in the district and wish to vote for Soltanzad, you can register or change your party affiliation on site.

Update in Our Fight Against H.R. 392’s Unfair Consequences

Thanks in large part to the activism of impacted Iranian nationals studying and working in the United States and rapid response of NIAC Action, 2018 is almost certain to end without passage of H.R. 392/S. 281, the so-called “Fairness for Highly-Skilled Immigrants Act.”

This bill would eliminate nationality-based caps on key visa categories, which would benefit nationals from India and China at the expense of immigrants from smaller countries who would be hit hard. For Iranian nationals in particular, subject to the Muslim ban and relying on single-entry visas, the passage of the legislation would have been a tremendous blow – adding years of wait-time to an already-difficult period where they are separated from loved ones in Iran.

The bill was subject to furious lobbying from Indian immigrant advocacy groups and several major tech companies, which succeeded in adding it to the House homeland security spending bill. The negative side effects of this legislation were largely ignored or misunderstood by Congressional offices, and in August it appeared to be on the fast track to passage.

NIAC Action was one of the first organizations to publicly oppose H.R. 392/S. 281 and mobilize against it. We led an effort against the legislation that included meetings with lawmakers on Capitol Hill, disseminating briefing materials on the negative effects of the measure, and engaging immigration policy and advocacy organizations to consider opposing the legislation. We also mobilized our grassroots network and provided resources to potentially impacted individuals who wanted to express their voice through calls and meetings with Congressional staff. Ultimately, we secured commitments from key legislators to prevent the measure from becoming law.

Through these actions, NIAC Action and Iranian nationals across the country made clear that the bill would be a major shakeup of America’s immigration system undertaken with little consideration of its impact, helping to arrest the bill’s momentum. Just this past week, a column in the widely-distributed Foreign Policy highlighted the major ramifications of H.R. 392’s passage on the Iranian community.

Moreover, South Asian Americans Leading Together (SAALT) – which represents a broad group of South Asian Americans and nationals in the United States – published a detailed analysis of this issue warning that passage of H.R. 392 would merely shift the burden of wait times onto other nationals, including those from Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Nepal and nationals impacted by this administration’s discriminatory immigration policies like the Muslim Ban. Other groups such as the American Hospital Association also announced their opposition to H.R. 392 publicly.

Any remaining possibility for passage via 2018 spending, however, was eliminated when negotiations fully broke down over funding for Trump’s border wall. In insisting for spending for his wall, Trump spiked the possible vehicle that could have potentially passed H.R. 392 in 2018. This shifts the fight to 2019, when negotiations over spending bills will once again resume. Given H.R. 392’s attachment to the 2018 House spending bill on homeland security, it is likely that it will still be in the mix of increasingly complicated negotiations. However, NIAC Action will seek to build on our momentum in 2019, block the successor to H.R. 392 from being passed in the months ahead and ensure that Iranian nationals are not again subjected to unfair immigration legislation. Our legislative and grassroots organizing combined with our relationships on Capitol Hill place us in a position to block H.R. 392/S. 281 so long as it unnecessarily and unfairly threatens our community.

Tell Your Representative to Protect Iranian People from Sanctions!

Rep. Jared Huffman (D-CA) is leading a sign-on letter pressing the administration to ensure that sanctions do not block humanitarian goods – including life-saving medicine – from the Iranian people. We need you to encourage your Representative to sign the Huffman letter.

Many in the Iranian-American community have heard from loved ones in Iran worried that sanctions are leading to shortages of life-saving medicine and skyrocketing costs of basic goods. Unsurprisingly, Trump officials have not taken these widespread concerns seriously.

That’s why Rep. Huffman is leading this important letter right now.

The letter will close this week, and we need as many Representatives to sign as possible. Can you take 3 minutes to call your Member of Congress TODAY and urge them to sign the Huffman letter?

>> Here’s how you do it

Step 1: Call 1-844-ACT-NIAC

Step 2: Ask to be connected to your Representative (Look up your Representative here)

Step 3: Urge your Representative to sign the Huffman letter

I am a constituent calling to encourage Rep. [NAME] to sign Jared Huffman’s letter pressing the administration to answer key questions on whether Iran sanctions are blocking humanitarian goods from reaching the Iranian people. This issue is personal for many Iranian Americans who have friends and family who have already been impacted by medical shortages caused by sanctions. Congress must ensure that its sanctions target the regime, not deprive the Iranian people of food and medicine. Has Rep. [NAME] signed the Huffman letter, which closes Thursday, December 20?

Step 4: Encourage your friends to do the same!

The Huffman letter is just one step toward ensuring that sanctions do not harm our friends and family in Iran. Please call your Representative today.

Pictures, Video: On Anniversary of Trump’s Muslim Ban, Impacted Individuals and Advocates Deliver Petitions with Over 150,000 Signatures to Congress

WASHINGTON, DC —Today, one year after the Supreme Court allowed ‘Muslim Ban 3.0’ to go into effect, individuals impacted by Trump’s policy were joined by organizations including The National Iranian American Council (NIAC), the ACLU, NILC, CAIR National, SAALT, Advancing Justice | AAJC, MPower Change, CWS Global, and Franciscan Action Network to deliver petitions signed by more than 150,000 individuals and endorsed by more than 27 organizations. The petitions, delivered to the offices of Representatives Judy Chu, Senator Murphy, Senator Van Hollen, and Senator Hirono, urge the next Congress to take immediate action to rescind the ban.

WATCH VIDEO OF THE DELIVERY HERE: https://www.facebook.com/UnitedWeDream

VIEW PHOTOS OF THE DELIVERY HERE: https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1aBP0NmhqDFBX2YEsMXezd0e_qBZW7aUx?usp=sharing  

Click the link to view the petitions from Change.org, MPower Change, MoveOn, DailyKos and ACLU.

Avideh Moussavian, Legislative Director, National Immigration Law Center: “A year after the Supreme Court devastated communities across the globe by allowing a permanent version of Trump’s Muslim Ban to go forward, we are committed to repealing it and to preventing future bans like it. We’ve already seen the Trump administration abuse its authority to impose yet another ban, this time on asylum seekers. As we prepare for a new Congress, we demand that it hold this administration accountable for the Muslim ban as well as other policies — like killing DACA and Temporary Protected Status (TPS), trying to impose a wealth test on immigrant families applying for green cards  and more — which are rooted in xenophobia and a larger white supremacist agenda of exclusion.”

Jamal Abdi, President, National Iranian American Council: “Over the last year the Muslim Ban has torn apart families, separated spouses, and extinguished dreams as President Trump’s allies in Congress stayed silent. Now, with a new Congress entering office, we can finally place a check on this presidency, beginning with repealing this unjust, un-American ban on our families.”

Manar Waheed, Senior Legislative and Advocacy Counsel, ACLU: “Today marks the dark anniversary of the day that America betrayed its constitution, laws, and values and began to categorically ban Muslims. For one full year now, Muslims have been banned from coming to America—whether to attend weddings and graduations, mourn the loss of loved ones, or seek life-saving health care treatment. As with other horrific moments in our past, like the incarceration of Japanese people in internment camps or racial segregation under the notion of separate but equal, we will fight for as long as it takes until justice is achieved. History will not forget this day nor will the people of our country. “

Lakshmi Sridaran, Director of National Policy and Advocacy, SAALT: “One year ago today, our nation’s Supreme Court allowed the Muslim Ban to go into full effect, separating families and fanning the flames of violence against our communities. The new Congress must exercise leadership and ensure the Muslim Ban is rescinded by passing legislation immediately. Congress has the authority to halt this unconstitutional policy that has been in effect far too long. While legislation was introduced last year in both the House and Senate, it has been neglected. Congress can no longer allow state sanctioned hate to continue and we demand they act swiftly. South Asian Americans nationwide continue to believe that all immigrants have a place here regardless of their religion or where they were born.”

Mohammad Khan, Campaign Director, MPower Change: “The Muslim Ban was the first official policy of the Trump administration intended to keep Black and brown people out of the U.S. Since then, Congress has largely stood back and allowed the White House to plow forward with its white nationalist agenda. Only a few brave members of Congress have stood with the majority of their constituents, who oppose discriminatory policies like the Muslim Ban. With a new Congress being sworn in this coming January, it’s crucial for our representatives to take a stand and repeal the Muslim Ban—both to provide relief for the millions being impacted and to rebuke Trump’s bigoted agenda. ”

Nihad Awad, Executive Director, CAIR National: “The Muslim travel ban violates the very principles and values upon which our nation was founded, and Congress must do what the Supreme Court could not; repeal this ban once and for all. The Muslim ban denies the very humanity of those seeking to travel to or seek refuge in the United States. As a nation, we must not waste any more valuable time and immediately act to reintroduce and pass Muslim ban repeal legislation.”

The Rev. John L. McCullough, President and CEO, Church World Service: “The Muslim travel ban has torn families apart for two years now, while allowing President Trump to implement his cruel anti-family, anti-refugee, anti-immigrant agenda. We urge Congress to right this wrong by eliminating this policy once and for all.”

Patrick Carolan, Executive Director, Franciscan Action Network: “The principle of freedom of religion is a tradition and ideal that formed the foundation of our country. The Muslim ban goes against everything that we stand for as Franciscan Catholic Christians, and against what Jesus and Francis of Assisi taught and lived. It is morally wrong to single out one group of people based on their faith. We are weaker as a country when we let fear and lack of understanding come between us. During the 5th Crusades, St. Francis of Assisi encouraged encountering ‘the other’ by meeting with the Sultan of Egypt and calling for peace and understanding. Pope Francis used this as an example in our own time by visiting the refugee island of Lampedusa and bringing Syrian refugees to stay with him at the Vatican. We must follow their example and welcome the stranger.”

Elica Vafaie, Staff Attorney, Asian Americans Advancing Justice: “We’ve seen the devastating impact on countless families of U.S. citizens, green card-holders, students, and those with urgent medical needs since the Muslim Ban has been in effect. Although the government has said that a waiver for those families is possible, in reality the government is achieving its goal of banning Muslims. We need to restore dignity and stop this unlawful ban.”

For more information, or for interview with a NIAC spokesperson, please contact Yasmina Dardari at (407) 922-8149 or by email at yasmina@unbendablemedia.com.

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On Sen. Elizabeth Warren’s Call to Return to JCPOA

Jamal Abdi, Executive Director of NIAC Action, issued the following statement after Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-MA) called on Trump to return to the Iran nuclear accord in a Senate Armed Services Committee hearing this morning:

“As President Trump and his hawkish advisors continue to stoke confrontation with Iran, it is vital that legislators and Presidential contenders like Sen. Warren push back on Trump’s reckless actions and voice support for returning to the nuclear accord. Hardly a week goes by without a saber rattling speech from the Trump administration and new efforts to push the nuclear accord toward collapse. If they succeed, Trump’s team may decimate the ability of a future administration to restore U.S. credibility by returning to the JCPOA and the negotiating table with Iran. Worse, Trump may start a disastrous war with Iran.

“Sen. Warren recognizes both the danger of Trump’s approach and the urgent need to return to the accord. Other lawmakers and 2020 hopefuls should follow her lead and lay out a competing vision to Trump’s bankrupt approach.

In the hearing, Warren stated “If Iran maintains itself in compliance, then I believe the President should reverse his reckless decision to withdraw from the nuclear deal and reimpose sanctions because the deal makes America safer and the world safer.”

In November, the National Iranian American Council issued a report which outlined how a return to the Iran nuclear deal – also known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) – would restore U.S. leadership and help prevent a disastrous march to war.

READ THE FULL TEXT OF THE REPORT HERE: https://www.niacouncil.org/jcpoa-report/

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Memo on H.R. 4591

Tomorrow, the House of Representatives is scheduled to vote on H.R. 4591, the “Preventing Destabilization of Iraq Act of 2017,” which seeks to impose sanctions on persons engaged in actions that are or risk “threatening the peace or stability of Iraq.” While we welcome that the amendment in the nature of a substitute has removed explicit references to sanctioning Iran in the bill’s title, this legislation clearly remains an effort to ratchet up tensions with Iran.

On the heels of House Republicans protecting Saudi Arabia by blocking a vote to end U.S. support for the disastrous war in Yemen, it is now doubling down on the Trump-Saudi policy of escalating pressure on Iran with no plan for negotiations. Only diplomatic solutions can resolve the proxy conflicts in the Middle East – not further efforts to perpetuate these conflicts by insulating the Saudi kingdom or escalating with Iran. As a result, H.R. 4591 risks worsening regional instability rather than ameliorating it, and as a result is bad for both Iraq and the U.S. position in the Middle East.

Backward Priorities

The timing of the vote on H.R. 4591 demonstrates the House majority’s backward priorities with respect to the Middle East. Credible estimates indicate that more than 80,000 children may have died of starvation as a result of the U.S.-backed and Saudi-led military intervention in Yemen since 2015, with little end in sight to the unauthorized war. Moreover, the President of the United States is shamefully playing defense for Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman after the Central Intelligence Agency determined with high confidence that bin Salman ordered the assassination of U.S. resident and Washington Post columnist Jamal Khashoggi, which was carried out last month at the Saudi consulate in Istanbul.

The response of the House Majority to these two major crises has been to follow Trump’s lead and to short-circuit debate on a resolution to end America’s backing of the Saudi intervention. However, any legislation to further Trump’s pressure campaign against Iran – including H.R. 4591 – will get the green light. Given these suspect priorities, legislators should use debate over H.R. 4591 to highlight the Trump administration’s dangerous Middle East policies, including U.S. support for the war in Yemen and the dangerous decision to withdraw from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), also known as the Iran nuclear deal.

A balanced U.S. policy toward the Middle East will take time, but work should begin now to end U.S. support for the disastrous war in Yemen, impose consequences on those in Saudi Arabia responsible for the assassination of Khashoggi, and restore U.S. credibility by returning to the JCPOA.

Doubling Down on Hostility without Diplomacy

While political stability in Iraq is a laudable goal, it is unlikely to be achieved by a strictly adversarial posture towards Iran – particularly considering Iran’s security interests in Iraq are likely to figure of far greater import than the risk of limited U.S. sanctions posed by H.R. 4591.

Instead, the Trump administration and Congress must recognize that Iraq’s political future requires political engagement between the U.S. and Iran – both of which have a significant presence in the country and both of which have staked their political security on Iraq’s internal stability. For this reason – to the extent that the Congress believes that punitive sanctions are useful in influencing Iran’s behavior – such sanctions must be expressly tied to diplomatic engagement with Iran regarding events in Iraq.

For its part, Iraq cannot afford a rupture in its ties with Iran. The two countries have over $12 billion in annual trade and other deep connections. The administration’s granting of waivers to Iraq on Iran sanctions for gas, energy supplies, and food items reflects an acknowledgement of the depth of Iraqi-Iranian ties—which developed after the U.S. invasion in 2003.

Iraqi leaders such as former PM Haider al-Abadi have made clear that they do not wish for Iraq to be a theater in U.S.-Iran tensions. Instead, the Iraqi government has sought to balance its relations with the U.S. and Iran. As was evident in June 2014, when Iran helped to prevent ISIS from overrunning Baghdad, the U.S. and Iran have overlapping interests in Iraq and thus need not remain implacable enemies there.

Moreover, at a time when the President is destroying diplomatic channels by sabotaging an agreement that exchanged sanctions relief for far-reaching Iranian nuclear concessions, legislating further sanctions would merely demonstrate the U.S. Congress’ backward priorities when it comes to Iran.

Rather than encourage Trump’s pressure campaign and increase the likelihood of a military confrontation, as many of the President’s closest advisors favor, lawmakers should seek to restrain the administration. To help Iraqi stability, the U.S. must appreciate the fine line that Baghdad must walk in its relations with Iran and the United States. The Trump administration must move beyond overstating the scale of the Iranian threat in Iraq and its obsessive denial of Iranian influence.  

Bill Summary

The original text of H.R. 4591 was wholly aimed at countering Iranian persons threatening stability in Iraq, which has since been amended to a more general focus on foreign persons. However, given the intent of the authors and the single-minded focus of the Trump administration on countering Iran throughout the Middle East, it is without a doubt that the White House would view this legislation as support for its broader pressure campaign and a green light to aggressively escalate sanctions against Iran over its activities in Iraq.

Section 2 of H.R. 4591 mandates the President to block the assets of any foreign person determined to knowingly commit a significant act of violence that has the direct purpose or effect of:

  • Threatening the peace or stability of Iraq or the Government of Iraq;
  • Undermining the democratic process in Iraq; and
  • Undermining significantly efforts to promote economic reconstruction and political reform in Iraq or to provide humanitarian assistance to the Iraqi people.

Any Iranian persons or entities designated pursuant to Section 2 of H.R. 4591 would also be subject to U.S. secondary sanctions by virtue of current U.S. sanctions targeting Iran.

Section 3 of H.R. 4591 requires the President to determine whether several Shia militias and individuals meet the criteria for designation as foreign terrorist organizations or for the application of sanctions pursuant to Executive Order 13224 as Specially Designated Global Terrorists.

Section 4 requires the Secretary of State to submit an annual report to Congress on the armed groups, militias, or proxy forces in Iraq receiving logistical, military, or financial assistance from Iran’s Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) or over which the IRGC exerts any form of control or influence.